Diseases Associated with Nasal Polyps

Most of the time, nasal polyps, painless tear-drop or grape-shaped growths in the nasal cavity, are annoying, but harmless. Unfortunately, there are rare cases when the polyps are an indication of a more serious issue. If you do feel a lump in your nose, it’s important to see a doctor for a correct diagnosis. The odds are it’ll be nothing that a corticosteroid or even just time will cure, but if it does turn out to be something more, you’ll be in the right place for the treatment you need.

Which diseases are associated with nasal polyps?

The following is a quick look at some of the diseases associated with nasal polyps:

  • Chronic sinusitis is a common condition wherein the area around nasal passages, or sinuses, become swollen. This can last for eight weeks or more, despite store-bought and other usual treatment attempts, and recurs. The continuous inflammation brought on by allergies (especially fungal allergies) and sinus problems leads to nasal polyps.
  • Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD), also known as aspirin-induced asthma or Samter’s Triad, is a condition in which a person has a sensitivity to aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). This condition usually presents as a respiratory reaction and consequently, nasal polyps. According to the American Academy of Asthma, Allergy & Immunology, “In general, AERD develops quite suddenly in adulthood, usually between the ages of 20 and 50, and there is no clearly understood trigger that causes the disease.”
  • Cystic Fibrosis affects the sinuses among other systems in the body by. According to the  American Rhinologic Society, “[N]early all patients with this disease will have swelling of the mucosa and thickened, non-moving mucus that leads to sinus blockage.” This blockage, in turn, can cause recurring sinus infections, pain and nasal polyps.
  • Kartagener’s syndrome is a rare genetic disease that affects the respiratory system, causing frequent respiratory infections, sinus infections and nasal congestion. Like with the other conditions, the blocked sinus cavities lead to nasal polyps. 
  • Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly called Churg-Strauss syndrome) is an extremely rare condition in which the blood vessels become inflamed and sometimes block blood from getting to vital organs and tissues. People with this disease suffer from asthma, allergies and sinusitis, all of which can lead to the formation of nasal polyps.
  • Paranasal Sinus Cancers do not cause nasal polyps and are very rare. In fact, according to the American Cancer Society, only about 2,000 people in the United States develop these cancers per year and they account for only 1% of malignant tumors discovered throughout the body. The size, shape and level of pain are all distinguishing features between nasal polyps and cancerous tumors.

Treatment Options

The good news is that even if you are diagnosed with one of these conditions, it is manageable with the proper medical care. As we said above, it’s most likely that your polyps are nothing but harmless growths caused by sinus issues.

So stop worrying and make an appointment with one of our expert physicians at Connecticut Sinus Center for peace of mind about your nose.  When you come in for your appointment, we’ll sit down with you and discuss your symptoms and medical history. Next, we’ll conduct a series of tests, which may include allergy tests and a nasal endoscopy, that tell us exactly what is causing your growth so that we can come up with an individualized treatment plan that is right for you and your lifestyle.

Call 860-BALLOON today and schedule your appointment. With four conveniently-located offices across the state, getting help is nothing to sneeze at.

For more information on sinus– and allergy-related conditions and treatments, visit the CT Sinus Center website and blog.

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